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Low Water Crossings   |   Damage and Fatality Statistics
  United States:   Texas:  
 
  • Flash flooding is the leading cause of weather-related deaths in the U.S.- approximately 200 deaths per year (1)
  • Over 50% of flood-related drownings are vehicle-related. (1)

    U.S. Flood Insurance Loss Statistics
    Jan 1, 1978 through Sep 30, 2001: (4)

    Ranking Total Payments
    1. Texas
    $2,249,450,933.34
    2. Louisiana
    $1,542,959,989.27
    3. Florida
    $1,479,585,524.19
    4. New Jersey
    $577,019,343.82
    5. North Carolina
    $550,946,543.87
    6. South Carolina
    $414,951,356.42
    7. Missouri
    $407,742,372.26
    8. New York
    $360,534,936.08
    9. California
    $353,244,485.27
    10. Pennsylvania
    $313,186,521.60
 
  • 76% of deaths are vehicle-related. (1)
  • Texas is the state with the most flood/flash flood deaths in the past 36 years. (2)
  • Total deaths are double the total for the second-highest state, California. (2)
  • Texas has been ranked number 1 in deaths 21 out of 36 years. (2)
  • There are 421,028 flood insurance policies in Texas, totaling $606,355,300 insurance in force ($100). (4)

    Texas Flood Insurance Loss Statistics
    Jan 1, 1978 through Sep 30, 2001: (4)
    (see more counties)
    Ranking Total Payments
    1. Houston, City of
    $641,722,736.10
    2. Harris County
    $420,432,467.95
    3. Montgomery County
    $112,561,528.20
    4. Galveston County
    $81,121,175.46
    5. Friendswood, City of
    $76,989,156.86
    6. Pasadena, City of
    $62,692,880.27
    7. Guadalupe County
    $51,929,664.32
    8. Brazoria County
    $50,855,752.94
    9. Pearland, City of
    $38,941,038.34
    10. Beaumont, City of
    $28,468,668.80
 
  Causes of Death   Recent Fatality Statistics from Large Floods  
    National Weather Service Fatality Data for South Central Texas (33 Counties):  (3)
1973 - June 2000
 

Fatality Statistics From Large Recent Texas Floods:

Total
90

   
         

STORMS:

       

Central Texas

Oct, 1998

29

   

Houston

June, 2001

22

   

Dallas

May. 1995

15

   

Central Texas

Dec, 1991

14

   

Central Texas

Nov, 2001

10

   
         

AGE

       
 

0-21

21

 

23%

 

22-59

43

 

48%

 

60+

22

 

24%

 

unknown

4

 

4%

         

GENDER

       
 

male

52

 

58%

 

female

37

 

41%

 

unknown

1

 

1%

         

CAUSED BY:

       
 

vehicle in water

59

 

65%

 

walking near water

14

 

16%

 

electrocution

4

 

4%

 

tornado

3

 

3%

 

drowned in home

2

 

2%

 

roof collapse

2

 

2%

 

lightning

2

 

2%

 

hydroplane

2

 

2%

 

heart attack

1

 

1%

 

kayaking

1

 

1%

         

COUNTY

       
 

Bexar

12

   
 

Blanco

1

   
 

Burnet

1

   
 

Caldwell

6

   
 

Comal

4

   
 

Dallas

14

   
 

Edwards

4

   
 

Guadalupe

4

   
 

Harris

22

   
 

Hays

1

   
 

Llano

1

   
 

Milam

2

   
 

Montague

1

   
 

Montgomery

1

   
 

Navarro

1

   
 

Travis

5

   
 

Uvalde

1

   
 

Waller

1

   
 

Williamson

2

   
 

unknown

6

   
 
 

 

 

  • Weather-Related Fatalities
    All Causes: 274
    Flood/Flash Flood: 203
    Tornado: 39
    Lightning: 12
    Winter Storm: 8
    Extreme Heat: 6
    Severe Thunderstorm/Wind: 6

  • Flood/Flash Flood Fatalities
    Total: 203
    Vehicles: 136
    Permanent Homes: 30
    Walk/Play Near Flood: 24
    Mobile Homes: 8
    Outside: 5


U.S. Flood Fatalities from 1960-1995

The majority of these were vehicle-related.

1

TEXAS

612

2

CALIFORNIA

255

3

SOUTH DAKOTA

248

4

VIRGINIA     

241

5

WEST VIRGINIA

240

 

 

 

 



Source - National Climatic Data Center -
“Storm Data” publications.

 

 

Bibliography
(1)Storm-Related Mortality by CDC: website or jwr0322.pdf (page 2 and 3)
(2)U.S. Flash Flood/Flood Fatalities 1960 - 1995 (TX_FATAL_Sedwick.doc)
(3)Powerpoint Presentation, San Antonio Fire Department showing NWS data
(4)Policy and Claim Statistics, NFIP. Excel version of Texas data (NFIPTexasLosses.xls)